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John Zaixin Zhang




MLA Style  

2011-01-25 15:46:03|  分类: Book 4: Critical |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Examples of the MLA Style of In-text Documentation and Bibliography

John Zaixin Zhang

1. Article by an anonymous author (title of the work, no page number necessary if the work is only one page long)

     Except for the anonymous author’s “outrage” toward Andreu and toward China as the architect’s “perfect client” (“Outrage”), the description echoes Jameson’s of the Bonaventure lobby.

2. Article from a website (title of the article, Chinese pin yin if the work is in Chinese)

       A strategic plan to keep the whole “Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region” within the horizon of the national capital’s development has been written into the directives of the recently revised general plan of the Beijing municipality (2004–20) as one of the definitive factors in Beijing’s future urban development (“Beijing chengshi zongti guihua”).

3. Author mentioned in the text

       The “opaque ring of walls” in Tokyo signifies the power of the center by deferring meaning, which is present only in its absence, present but empty. In other words, the presence of the walls as a “visible form of invisibility” in Barthes signifies the empty “sacred ‘nothing’” (32).

       [Note: the page number and the full stop are outside the quotation marks]

4. Author’s last name and page number (when the author is not mentioned in the text)

       The glass middle may symbolize the ancient Chinese cosmological view of the “Central Kingdom” in the center of the universe (Wright 45), meaning that the dome can be both Heaven and Earth in itself, an image to be doubly reproduced in its reflection on the lake.

5. More than one work of the same author (articles, author mentioned in the text)

       Dimock argues that “literary space and time are conditional and elastic; their distances can vary, can lengthen or contract, depending on who is reading and what is being read” (“Planet” 174) and that “the continuum of historical life does not grant the privilege of autonomy to any spatial locale” or “to any temporal segment”: “periodization, in this sense, is no more than a fiction” (“Time” 757).

6. More than one work of the same author (book and article, author not mentioned in the text)

       And yet, in many respects, this $-328 million giant titanium and glass dome perching on an artificial lake embodies some of the postmodern features that have captured “the cultural dominant of the logic of late capitalism”—“the logic of the simulacrum” inherent in the technology of reproduction (Jameson, Postmodernism 46).

       When concert or opera spectators stroll down the underwater corridor, admiring the art objects on display or the art merchandise for sale, the journey to the theater is delayed—an inevitable and integral prelude to the main cultural event of the night, a commodity “‘aesthetically’ consumed” (Jameson, “Globalization” 53).

7. Newspaper article (no page number necessary if there is only one page)

       A report in China Daily was thought-provoking: it is “time for Chinese architects to come out of the ‘Eggshell,’” because architectural education in China “failed to keep abreast of changes ..... when the world of architecture was experiencing dramatic development in ideas, design and technology” (Liu).

8. Quotation from a work

      While the modern-day Palace Museum is a mode of the “heritage industry”—it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987—a postmodern cultural phenomenon, which creates “a shallow screen” between contemporary life and history (Robert Hewison, qtd. in Harvey 62), the ancient Forbidden City leaves behind a heritage of “postmodern” space in its design.

Works Cited [The explanatory notes at the end of each entry are not part of the bibliography]

Barthes, Roland. Empire of Signs. Trans. Richard Howard. New York: Hill, 1982. Pint. [Book]

“Beijing chengshi zongti guihua (2004 nian–2020 nian)” [General Plan of the Beijing Municipality (2004–20)]. Beijingshi   guihua weiyuanhui [Beijing Municipal Commission of Urban Planning]. <http://www.bjghw.gov.cn/ztgh>. 2004. Web. 8 Dec. 2006. [Website article in Chinese]

Derrida, Jacques. “From Signsponge.” Acts of Literature. Ed. Derek Attridge. New York: Routledge, 1992. 344-69. Print. [Article in a book]

Digital Palace Museum. <http://www.dpm.org.cn>. Web. 16 Nov. 2006. [Website]

Dimock, Wai Chee. “Deep Time: American Literature and World History.” American   Literary History 13 (2001): 755–75. Print. [Article in a journal or magazine]

———. “Literature for the Planet.” Globalizing Literary Studies. Spec. issue of PMLA 116.1 (2001): 173–88. Print. [Article by the same author]

Jameson, Fredric. “Globalization and Political Strategy.” New Left Review 4 (2000): 49–68. Print. [Article in a journal or magazine]

———. Postmodernism; or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham: Duke UP, 1991. Print. [Book by the same author]

Liu Jinghua. “Time for Chinese Architects to Come Out of the ‘Eggshell.’” China Daily 29 June 2004: 13. Web. 8 Dec. 2006. [Newspaper article from the web]

“Outrage.” Architectural Review Dec. 1999: 27. Print. [Anonymous article; the journal has no volume number]

Wu Liangyong. Jianzhu, chengshi, renju huanjing [Architecture, City, and the Built Environment]. Shijiazhuang: Heibei Jiaoyu, 2003. Print. [Book in Chinese]

Zhang Hongtu. Untitled: Big Red Door. 1992. Guy and Myriam Ullens Collection, Antwerp. The First Guangzhou Triennial—Reinterpretation: A Decade of Experimental Chinese Art, 1990–2000. Ed. Wu Hung, Wang Huangsheng, and Feng Boyi. Guangzhou: Guangdong Museum of Art; Chicago: Art Media Resources, 2002. 155. Print. [Art work in a collection]


 Also see http://www.libs.uga.edu/ref/mla2009.pdf:

 MLA Style: Bibliographic Format for References

This guide is based on MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition (2009).

l  Each entry must include a label indicating the format of the item, like Print, Web, etc.

l  Abbreviations are required where needed: n. p. for no publisher, n. d. for no date, and n. pag. for no pagination

l  Titles should be italicized, not underlined

l  URLS do not need to be included for citations to online materials unless the URL is the only way for the reader to find the web site

l  Volume and issue numbers are included in all citations to journal articles, whether or not the journal is paginated continuously or issue-by-issue

 Citations in Text: use short parenthetical citations, instead of numbered footnotes, to point the reader to complete information about your sources in your Works Cited list:

l  The parenthetical usually includes the author’s last name and the page number cited: (Higgins 25)

l  If your Works Cited list includes more than one work by an author, the parenthetical should include part of the title: (Higgins, Williams 141)

l  If a work has more than one author, use the authors’ last names as used in the citation: (Robertson and McDaniel 53), (Smith et al.)

l  If the work does not have an author, the parenthetical should include the first one or two words from the title: (“Venue’s Loss” 8A)

l  In some cases, like newspaper articles, films, or online works with no page numbers, or if an entire work is being acknowledged, incorporate the author’s name or work title into your sentence instead of using a parenthetical: “In the Wizard of Oz...” or “Branch reports...”

 Book, single author:

Higgins, John. The Raymond Williams Reader. Malden: Blackwell Publishers, 2001. Print.

Book, more than one author: list authors’ names in the order they are listed on the book. Use et al. for more than three authors

Robertson, Jean, and Craig McDaniel. Themes of Contemporary Art: Visual Art after 1980. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

Smith, Mick, et al. Emotion, Place, and Culture. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009. Print.

Work in an anthology:

Hallett, Nicky. “Anne Clifford as Orlando: Virginia Woolf’s Feminist Historiology and Women’s Biography.” Anne Clifford and Lucy Hutchinson. Ed. Mihoko Suzuki. Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2009. 2-22. Print.

Newspaper article (unsigned):

“Venue’s Loss Brings Back Many Memories.” Atlanta Journal-Constitution 20 June 2009: 8A. Print.

Newspaper article in online database:

Branch, Taylor. “The Clinton Tapes: Wrestling History with the President.” The New York Times 25 Sept. 2009: Books of the Times 29. Dow Jones Factiva. Web. 29 Sept. 2009.

 Magazine Article: written for a general audience Bamberger, Michael. “Miracle Mets.” Sports Illustrated 13 July 2009: 64-72. Print.

Journal Article: written for scholars and professionals

Kratzke, Peter. “Recopying to Revise: Composition in an Old Key.” Composition Studies 36.2 (2008): 9-22. Print.

Article from an online database: include name of database, format (Web.) and date material was found. A URL is not required

Edwards, Kim. “Good Looks and Sex Symbols: The Power of the Gaze and the Displacement of the Erotic in Twilight.” Screen Education 53.1 (2009): 26-32. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 31 October 2009.

Article from a web site: include web site publisher; if no publisher, substitute N. p. for “no publisher”

Lind, Michael. “Why Dilbert is Doomed: The Jobs of Tomorrow are Not What You’d Expect.” Salon. Salon Media Group Inc., 2 November 2009. Web. 15 December 2009.

Reprinted article

Hunt, Tim. “The Misreading of Kerouac.” The Review of Contemporary Fiction. 3.2 (Summer 1983): 29-33. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Roger Matuz and Cathy Falk. Vol. 61. Detroit: Gale Research, 1990. 29-33. Print.

Article from a well-known encyclopedia (unsigned)

“Tutankamen.” The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Micropaedia. 15th ed. 2007. Print.

Article from lesser-known encyclopedia (signed)

Schafer, Elizabeth D. “Andrew’s Raid.” Encyclopedia of the American Civil War. Eds. David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler. 5 vols. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2000. Print.

Article from online encyclopedia on GALILEO (paid for by UGA Libraries)

Killam, G.D. “Chinua Achebe.” Dictionary of Literary Biography. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Vol. 117. Detroit: Gale, 1992. 15-34. Literature Resource Center. Web. 30 Oct. 2009.

Entire web site

Electronic Poetry Center. 2009. SUNY Buffalo. Web. 29 Sept. 2009.

Web page within a larger Web site

Martin, Thomas R. “An Overview of Classical Greek History from Homer to Alexander.” Perseus Digital Library. Ed. Gregory R. Crane. 1999. Tufts U. Web. 25 Sept. 2009.

Film or video

The Wizard of Oz. Screenplay by Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson and Edgar Allan Woolf. Dir. Victor Fleming. Perf. Judy Garland, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr and Jack Haley. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1939.

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