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张在新

John Zaixin Zhang

 
 
 

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Lin on James Joyce  

2009-02-27 17:26:43|  分类: +短篇小说第二课 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Lin, Paul. “Standing in the Empire: Drinking, Masculinity, and Modernity in   ‘Counterparts.’” Ed. Christine van Boheemen-Saaf and Colleen Lamos. Masculinities   in Joyce: Postcolonial Constructions. Atlanta Rodopi, 2001. Reprint in Short Story Criticism 64 (2004): 258-66.

 259

       Many of the most memorable characters in Dubliners, such as Mr. Mooney in “The Boarding House,” have “debilitating drinking disorders that render them socially incompetent in the eyes of Dublin’s middle class.”

       “Discriminatory attitudes by the English toward the Irish have long centered upon the practice of drinking or as Seamus Deane articulates it, ‘drunkenness.’ Elizabeth Malcom observes, ‘Throughout most the nineteenth century Irish nationalism and the temperance movement were at odds.’ Throughout Ireland, but most notably in the cities, drinking among the working classes was discouraged as a disruptive force in the ‘peaceful’ operation and maintenance of industry and empire; Malcom continues: ‘Temperance began as, and for long remained, the exclusive preserve of middle-class, pro-British protestants, who used it to bolster their own position while at the same time denigrating the customs and habits of their catholic social inferiors.’ Thus in ‘The Dead,’ Gabriel Conroy’s responsible attempt to sober up Freddy Malins can be seen as characteristic of his West-Briton sensibilities….”

       “On a more general scale, some of the transformations in Irish society under the rationale of modernity can be understood via the theorization of the body. In Discipline and Punish, Michel Foucault describes the process by which disciplinary power, through the manipulation of space and time, penetrates both the physical and the social body, producing what he has famously termed ‘docile bodies’—bodies that are tame, educable, and therefore efficient. Citing Jeremy Bentham’s panopticon as the model par excellence, he explains the ways in which extrinsic schemata operating ‘in a diffused, multiple, polyvalent way’ can induce discipline intrinsically in a subject:

       He who is subjected to a field of visibility, and who knows it, assumes responsibility for the constraints

      of power; he makes them play spontaneously upon himself; he inscribes in himself the power relation in

      which he simultaneously plays both roles; he becomes the principle of his own subjection.

      (Foucault 202-3)

        “As the quintessential space of disciplinary power, Joyce’s Dublin can be seen in these terms, as the locus of panoptic technologies disseminated throughout the various institutions maintaining and maintained by colonialism and modernity.”

 

 

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