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张在新

John Zaixin Zhang

 
 
 

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Lacan's Mirror Stage  

2009-02-25 19:13:03|  分类: +短篇小说第二课 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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If we imagine a small child contemplating itself in a mirror – Lacan’s so-called ‘mirror stage’ – we can see how, from within this ‘imaginary’ state of being, the hild’s first development of an ego, of an integrated self-image, begins to happen. The child, who is still physically uncoordinated, finds reflected back to itself in the mirror a gratifyingly unified image of itself, and although its relation to this image is still of an ‘imaginary’ kind – the image in the mirror both is and is not itself, a blurring of subject and object still obtains – it has begun the process of constructing a centre of self. This self, as the mirror situation suggests, is essentially narcissistic: we arrive at a sense of an ‘I’ by finding that ‘I’ reflected back to ourselves by some object or person in the world. This object is at once somehow part of ourselves – we identify with it – and yet not ourselves, something alien. The image which the small child sees in the mirror is in this sense an ‘alienated’ one: the child ‘misrecognizes’ itself in it, finds in the image a pleasing unity which it does not actually experience in its own body…. In discussing the pre-Oedipal or imaginary phase, we are considering a register of being in which there are really no more than two terms: the child itself and the other body, which at this point is usually the mother, and which represents external reality for the child. (Eagleton 142-3)

Source: Eagleton, Terry. Literary Theory: An Introduction. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, 2004.

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