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张在新

John Zaixin Zhang

 
 
 

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Car as a Symbol  

2009-02-25 18:35:21|  分类: +短篇小说第二课 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Notes on two articles:

Spielrein, Sabina. “The Motor-car – a Symbol of Male Power.” Journal of Analytical Psychology. 46 (2001): 209-10.

209

       “This young woman (aged 38) has never been able, in spite of the numerous opportunities that she has had, to marry or give herself to a man. At the time she recounts the dream, she has recently met a man to whom she is very much attracted and who desires her. She does not want to give herself to him and has great trouble keeping the relationship at a level of intellectual and moral intimacy that she does not want to go beyond. Her struggle has become symbolized in the dream as a struggle against a motor-car which she is trying to direct only where she wants it to go. The man concerned, having lost his fortune, has tried to get a job as a chauffeur.”

209-10

       “Undoubtedly, the motor-car is an image (‘symbol’) of male power. Yet one question still needs to be clarified: does the young woman want to guide this ‘motor-car’ in the dream in the same direction as in reality? Does she also in her dream want to avoid a sexual relationship? Our experiences have often shown us that in the majority of cases the desires expressed in the dream are contrary to the desires of the previous day. In her dream the young woman is afraid that the [210] motor-car might crash into a wall. If the car stands for male power, the wall would be an obstacle which would be in opposition to this power, that is, an obstacle which makes her fear the relationships she unconsciously desires. In her dream she succeeds in overcoming this obstacle, and can therefore be united to the man she loves.”

(2)

Peirce, J. F. “The Car as Symbol in Hemingway’s ‘The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber.’” The South Central Bulletin 32.4 (1972): 230-32.

230

       “Thus, the car roughly resembles a convertible. In 1936, when the story was written, it was every boy’s dream to own a convertible, or ‘cock wagon,’ as it was vulgarly called. To most men, a car symbolizes sex and power. The sticking of the pistons, the surge of power as one ‘guns’ the engine, and its elongated shape – all have sexual connotations.”

231

       “But this car is convertible in another sense. It is ‘door-less’ and ‘box-bodied,’ possible references to sexual looseness and the vagina and womb, references that are emphasized by the game of musical chairs the characters play within its body.”

       “Cars provide the young with mobility and an arena for the male-female struggle for sexual dominance and initiation. And the expression ‘to take for a ride’ with its connotation of murder was current when the story was written.”

       “Hemingway describes Macomber’s belated initiation into manhood as the result of losing his fear while hunting. Before his transformation, the car represents for him the security of the womb.”

       …“suggests the commonplace quality of cars to our life style and the car as an extension of one’s self and as a symbol both of security and power, helping Macomber achieve his emancipation from Margot and dominance over her.”

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